While once there were over 1500 windmills in Maine et Loire, now only around 400 remain, and many of these are in very poor condition.

There were three types:

· the usual “moulin-tour” or tower mill, which were widespread
· the “moulin-chandelier” or chandelier mill - these were the most rare type; a wooden pivot turned inside a low masonry tower, the whole supporting a huge rotating cabin that carried the machinery
· the “moulin-cavier” or cellar mill; the cone-topped tower contained the machinery and was set on an artificial mound which was pierced by cellars or caves. Above the cone shaped top of the tower was a little rotating cabin that carried the sails.

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